The Book Thieves

The Book Thieves: The Nazi Looting of Europe's Libraries and the Race to Return a Literary Inheritance by Anders Rydell, Henning Koch
Published by Viking on February 7th 2017
Pages: 384
Goodreads

For readers of The Monuments Men and The Hare with Amber Eyes, the story of the Nazis' systematic pillaging of Europe's libraries, and the small team of heroic librarians now working to return the stolen books to their rightful owners. While the Nazi party was being condemned by much of the world for burning books, they were already hard at work perpetrating an even greater literary crime. Through extensive new research that included records saved by the MonumentsMen themselves Anders Rydell tells the untold story of Nazi book theft, as he himself joins the effort to return the stolen books. When the Nazi soldiers ransacked Europe's libraries and bookshops, large and small, the books they stole were not burned. Instead, the Nazis began to compile a library of their own that they could use to wage an intellectual war on literature and history. In this secret war, the libraries of Jews, Communists, Liberal politicians, LGBT activists, Catholics, Freemasons, and many other opposition groups were appropriated for Nazi research, and used as an intellectual weapon against their owners. But when the war was over, most of the books were never returned. Instead many found their way into the public library system, where they remain to this day. Now, Rydell finds himself entrusted with one of these stolen volumes, setting out to return it to its rightful owner. It was passed to him by the small team of heroic librarians who have begun the monumental task of combing through Berlin's public libraries to identify the looted books and reunite them with the families of their original owners. For those who lost relatives in the Holocaust, these books are often the only remaining possession of their relatives they have ever held. And as Rydell travels to return the volume he was given, he shows just how much a single book can mean to those who own it."

Most of us know of the book burnings that occurred during  the Nazi era side by side with the concentration camp  horrors. More than just burnings occurred, though: hundreds  of thousands of books owned by  those in the several persecuted groups  (Jews, Freemasons and others) were  spirited off to various venues for study  by Nazi henchmen. A new book, The  Book Thieves by Anders Rydell, tells the  story of how these books were systematically  stolen from libraries and homes  throughout Europe – including many  Grand and local lodge libraries. Today, a small group of dedicated  librarians are working dilligently to restore these to  their rightful owners, a Herculean task considering the passage  of time and the death of so many. This is a book which  will make you angry, sympathetic, and frustrated at how our  collections were mistreated.